- Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) is a statutory body of Ministry of Women & Child Development, Government of India.
- CARA is the designated central authority to deal with inter-country adoptions in accordance with the provisions of the Hague Convention on Inter-country Adoption, 1993, ratified by Government of India in 2003
- It functions as the nodal body for adoption of Indian children and is mandated to monitor and regulate in-country and inter-country adoptions
- CARA primarily deals with adoption of orphan, abandoned and surrendered children through its associated / recognised adoption agencies
- Single women and men
- Married couples
- Non-resident Indian
- Overseas citizen of India
- Foreign prospective or Indian prospective parents
|Age of the child||Maximum composite age of prospective adoptive parents||Maximum age of Single Parents|
|Upto 4yrs||90 years||45 years|
|Up to 4 and up to 8 years||100 years||50 years|
|Above 8 and up to 18 years||110 years||55 years|
- Registration with CARINGS
- No objection certificate
- Pre-adoption foster care
- Legal procedure
- Passport, visa, conformity and birth certificates
- Follow-up progress
- Eligibility Certificate (depending on the agency and state guideline)
- Registration with CARINGS
- Pre-adoption foster care
- Court order
- Photographs of adoptive parents
(a) after 60 days, if the child is below five years of age;
(b) after 30 days, if the child is above five years of age or is a sibling;
(c) after 15 days, if the child has any mental illness or physical disability as listed in the guidelines.
NB: The time limits specified in the proviso are calculated from the date the certificate issued by the child welfare committee declaring the child as legally free for adoption is uploaded on CARINGS
Adoption queries and procedure for Resident Indians
- Register with CARINGS
- Upload the soft copies of ID proof, marriage certificate, proof of residence, family photograph and medical certificate
- CARA will mail you a registration number
- The agency that you have selected will then get in touch for a home study report
The report serves three purposes:
- Educate and prepare the prospective family for adoption
- Evaluate the capability and suitability of the prospective family to adopt
- Gather information about the prospective adoptive family that helps a social worker match the family with the child whose needs they best meet
Required documents to be submitted by adoptive parents
- Autobiography of the parents adopting. Parents have to fill in part 1 of HSR: http://cara.nic.in/pdf/schedule/7.pdf
- Financial statements
- Three referral letters
- Undertaking letter (this might vary according to agency and state guidelines)
- Medical documents
- Police clearance (this might vary according to agency and state guidelines)
- The home study report should be conducted within 30 days of the date of submission of required documents and the information shared immediately with the prospective adoptive parents
- The home study report should be posted on the child adoption resource information and guidance system by the state adoption agency as soon as it is completed
- The prospective adoptive parents are declared eligible and suitable by the state adoption agency based on the home study report and supporting documents. In case of any doubt and the prospective adoptive parent is not declared eligible or suitable, the reasons for the same should be recorded on the child adoption resource information and guidance system.
- If rejected, the prospective parents can appeal to the authority stipulated under the guidelines.
- The seniority of the waiting list starts the day registration details are submitted
- One can see the number only after the home study report is uploaded
- The registration number given is used for viewing the application process
- The District Child Protection Unit can facilitate the online registration of the application of the prospective parents and uploading of documents
- Also for addressing any difficulties faced by the specialised adoption agencies
- The reasons for not considering the child need to be clearly stated in the child adoption resource information and guidance system
- In case the adoption committee does not find the prospective adoptive parents suitable for a child, the reasons must be recorded in the child adoption resource information and guidance system
- In case the prospective adoptive parents do not accept the reserved child or the adoption committee does not find the prospective adoptive parents suitable, then the prospective adoptive parents are relegated to the bottom of the seniority list, as on that date. They may avail a fresh chance when the seniority becomes due and the same procedure is followed in the subsequent chances.
- If the grounds of rejection are found to be due to systemic error or on non-justifiable reasons, the seniority of the prospective adoptive parents is considered and retained
- The adoption process for children with special needs should be completed at the soonest by the agencies or the authorities concerned as soon as they are declared legally free for adoption
- Children with special needs are available for adoption to overseas citizens of India or foreign adoptive parents after 15 days of the date they are declared legally free for adoption
- Special care needs to be taken while processing the cases for adoption of children with special needs so that the prospective adoptive parents are aware of the exact medical condition of the child and are ready to provide extra care and attention that the child needs.
- Since it takes time for an older child to adjust with unrelated parents, it is important that the child and the prospective adoptive parents are made familiar with each other before s/he leaves the institution
- Under the supervision of the specialised adoption agency or authorised foreign adoption agency, the prospective adoptive parents can have interactions with older children through video calls or by any other means, even before taking custody. The prospective adoptive parents may be encouraged to spend some quality time with the child before s/he leaves the institution.
- Siblings and older children are available for adoption to resident and non-resident Indians (both spouses being Indian citizens) from the date child welfare committee declares them legally free for adoption. They become available for adoption to other categories of prospective adoptive parents 30 days after the date they are declared legally free for adoption.
Pre – Adoption Foster Care
- The specialised adoption agency files an application in the court concerned, typically the place where the SAA is located, with all relevant original documents within 10 days of matching the child, along with the prospective adoptive parents.
- In case of inter-country adoptions, a no-objection certificate from the authority in the relevant country is required for obtaining an adoption order
- The case technically should be completed within two months of the date of the specialised adoption agency filing the adoption application
- The SAA forwards a copy of the order to the prospective adoptive parents within 10 days. It also forwards the relevant details to the child adoption resource information and guidance system.
- If the child is in pre-adoption foster care before filing the petition, the child is taken back by the specialised adoption agency after informing the district child protection unit
- If the child is in pre-adoption foster-care after the petition has been filed in court, the child is taken back by the specialised adoption agency and the adoption application is withdrawn from the court concerned with intimation to the district child protection unit
- If the child has been taken to another state during the adoption process, the repatriation of the child is coordinated by the state adoption resource agency in the state where the child is residing and the state of origin
- In case of dissolution, the application for the annulment of the adoption order has to be filed in the court which issued the adoption order
- After disruption or dissolution of adoption, the SAA has to update the status of the child as legally free for adoption in the child adoption resource information and guidance system.
- The prospective adoptive parents can approach an authorised foreign adoption agency or the concerned central authority to prepare their home study report and register it in the child adoption resource information and guidance system
- In case there is no authorised foreign adoption agency or central authority in the country where the prospective adoptive parents live, they can approach the concerned government department or Indian diplomatic mission in that country for the purpose
- The authority will check the home study report and other documents of the prospective adoptive parents to determine their eligibility. It will then be forwarded to the specialised adoption agency where children legally free for adoption are available
- The seniority of the prospective adoptive parents will be counted from the date of registration and uploading of requisite documents in the child adoption resource information and guidance system.
- The child adoption resource information and guidance system forwards profiles of two children, in one or two referral(s), to the authorised foreign adoption agency or central authority or government department or Indian diplomatic mission. This information is forwarded to the concerned prospective adoptive parents as per local rules.
- The specialised adoption agency forwards the child study report, medical examination report and photograph of the child in original to the authorised foreign adoption agency or concerned central authority or Indian diplomatic mission.
- The prospective adoptive parents may reserve one of the referred children within 96 hours while the profile of the other child is withdrawn
- In case the prospective adoptive parents fail to reserve either of the children within 96 hours, then the profiles of both the children is automatically withdrawn
- If the prospective adoptive parents reserve one of the children shown, they would have to accept the child by signing the child study report and medical examination report of the child within thirty days from the date of reservation
- In case the prospective adoptive parents fail to accept the reserved child within 30 days, then the profile of the child stands withdrawn by the child adoption resource information and guidance system
- The prospective adoptive parents are then relegated to the bottom of the list in seniority. They get another opportunity to reserve and accept a child when their turn becomes due, provided their home study report remains valid.
- A no-objection certificate is mandatory for foster care agreement. It is issued in favour of the prospective adoptive parents within 10 days of the date of acceptance of the child
- A letter of approval or permission of the receiving country as per the Hague Convention
- A copy of the no objection certificate is endorsed to all concerned parties and posted in the child adoption resource information and guidance system
- Once the adoption order is completed.
- The passport and visa are issued